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Comparative assessment of climate change mitigation policies in fuel combustion sector of Lithuania and Bulgaria


The paper performed comparative assessment of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission trends and climate change mitigation policies in the fuel combustion sector of selected EU member states with similar economic development levels and historical pasts, and implementing main EU energy and climate change mitigation policies, having achieved different success in GHG emission reduction. The impact of climate change mitigation policies on GHG emission reduction was assessed based on analysis of countries’ reports to UNFCCC by identifying the key areas of GHG emission reduction, their GHG emission reduction potential, and the driving forces behind them. The study revealed that climate change mitigation policies that have been implemented so far in Bulgaria are less efficient than in Lithuania, as Bulgaria places priorities not on energy efficiency improvement and penetration of renewable energy sources, but on switching from coal to natural gas. The policy implications for strengthening GHG emissions reduction efforts are provided based on analysis conducted.

Keywords: GHG emissions from fuel combustion; climate change mitigation policies in the energy sector; comparative assessment; Bulgaria; Lithuania


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030529


Impact Factor: 2,676  (2017 Journal Citation Reports, Clarivate Analytics, 2018)


Mikalauskiene, A.; Štreimikis, J.; Mikalauskas, I.; Stankūnienė, G.; Dapkus, R. 2019. Comparative Assessment of Climate Change Mitigation Policies in Fuel Combustion Sector of Lithuania and Bulgaria. In Energies, Vol. 12, Issue 3, 529; EISSN 1996-1073; DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030529; [Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index].



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