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Source control or end-of-pipe control: Mitigating air pollution at the regional level from the perspective of the Total Factor Productivity change decomposition


This paper investigates the key paths for mitigating air pollution following the paths of the source control and end-of-pipe control. We conduct performance analysis in terms of energy consumption and pollution emission from the regional perspective, and identify the appropriate path for each region of China. Our findings show that sulfur dioxide, primary energy consumption and energy-related carbon emission have become the main sources of inefficiency in the sense of the atmosphere environment pollution. Furthermore, we facilitate decomposition of the Luenberger productivity indicator (LPI) with regards to input/output variables and productivity change sources. The average annual productivity change for China is 1.36% over 2006–2013. LPI change associated with energy and pollutant variables shows the gradient which increases from southeast coast to west inland and decreases from north to south. This pattern implies the government needs to enhance the environmental regulation in the western regions. Moreover, the provinces are divided into five groups to identify the corresponding paths (source or end-of-pipe control). According to our identification, we suggest that local government should perform diversified policies suitably to strengthen source or end-of-pipe governance. This allows setting the targets for the government and further improving the effectiveness of policy measures within each region.


Keywords: Air pollution, Primary energy, Secondary energy, Source control, End-of-pipe control, Productivity change decomposition




Wu, G.; Baležentis, T.;  Sun, C.; Xu, S. 2019. Source control or end-of-pipe control: Mitigating air pollution at the regional level from the perspective of the Total Factor Productivity change decomposition. In Energy Policy. Vol. 129; p. 1227-1239, ISSN: 0301-4215, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2019.03.032; [Current Contents; Engineering Village – GEOBASE; INSPEC; ABI/Inform; Environmental Sciences & Pollution Management; Pais International; Scopus; Journal of Economic Literature; CAB Abstracts; CSA Sustainability Science Abstracts; COMPENDEX; Current Abstracts; Environment Complete; Environment Index; GeoRef; INIS Atomindex; International Bibliography of the Social Sciences; PubMed; Referativnyi Zhurnal VINTI-RAN (Russian Academy of Sciences); Science Citation Index Expanded; Sociological Abstracts; Social Sciences Citation Index; Web of Science; Gale Academic OneFile; FRANCIS; Fuel and Energy Abstracts; Periodical Abstracts PlusText; Agricultural Economics Database; Biofuels Abstracts; Environmental Impact; Energy & Power Source; Public Affairs Information Service Bulletin; Engineering Information Database EnCompass LIT (Elsevier); Business Periodicals Index; CSA Engineering Research Database (Cambridge Scientific Abstracts); CSA Technology Research Database; Engineering Index Monthly; Pollution Abstracts; TOC Premier].



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