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Atmospheric environmental productivity across the provinces of China: Joint decomposition of range adjusted measure and Luenberger productivity indicator


This paper adopts data envelopment analysis, namely the range adjusted measure (RAM) which is based on the additive structure, to measure the technical efficiency and productivity change. Note that we distinguish among energy and non-energy inputs in the analysis. The Luenberger productivity indicator is decomposed for the provinces of China for the period of 2006–2015. Specifically, we seek to identify the key directions for energy conservation and emission reduction by analyzing the environmental productivity change decomposition. The results show that sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide emissions from primary energy consumption along with primary energy consumption are important variables contributing to atmospheric environmental inefficiency in Chinese provinces. Furthermore, static efficiency scores associated with energy consumption and atmospheric emission (sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide emissions) are lower for Hebei, Shandong, Henan and Shanxi in North China, whereas Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangdong and Fujian show higher values of this kind of efficiency. Atmospheric emissions contribute to the growth in the atmospheric environmental productivity to a higher extent if compared to energy consumption. Therefore, Chinese energy policy should address the environmental regulation of energy consumption.


Keywords: Energy-related inputs, Atmospheric pollution, RAM, Productivity change, Additive decomposition



Miao, Z.; Chen, X.; Baležentis, T.; Sun, C. 2019. Atmospheric environmental productivity across the provinces of China: Joint decomposition of range adjusted measure and Luenberger productivity indicator. In Energy Policy. Vol. 132, p. 665-677; ISSN: 0301-4215; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2019.06.019; [Current Contents, Engineering Village – GEOBASE, INSPEC, ABI/Inform, Environmental Sciences & Pollution Management, Pais International, Scopus, Journal of Economic Literature, CAB International, CSA Sustainability Science Abstracts, COMPENDEX, Current Abstracts, Environment Complete, Environment Index, GeoRef, INIS Atomindex, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, PubMed/Medline, Referativnyi Zhurnal VINTI-RAN (Russian Academy of Sciences), Science Citation Index Expanded, Sociological Abstracts, Social Sciences Citation Index, Web of Science, Gale Academic OneFile, Pascal Francis, Fuel and Energy Abstracts, Periodical Abstracts PlusText, Agricultural Economics Database, Biofuels Abstracts, Environmental Impact, Energy & Power Source, Public Affairs Information Service Bulletin, Engineering Information Database EnCompass LIT (Elsevier), Business Periodicals Index, CSA Engineering Research Database (Cambridge Scientific Abstracts), CSA Technology Research Database, Engineering Index Monthly, Pollution Abstracts, TOC Premier].


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