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The Role of Green Building Materials in Reducing Environmental and Human Health Impacts


Conventional building materials (CBMs) made from non-renewable resources are the main source of indoor air contaminants, whose impact can extend from indoors to outdoors. Given their sustainable development (SD) prospect, green building materials (GBMs) with non-toxic, natural, and organic compounds have the potential to reduce their overall impacts on environmental and human health. In this regard, biocomposites as GBMsare environmentally friendly, safe, and recyclable materials and their replacement of CBMs reduces environmental impacts and human health concerns.

This study aims to develop a model of fully hybrid bio-based biocomposite as non-structural GBMs and compare it with fully petroleum-based composite in terms of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions and human health impacts. Using a small chamber test (American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)-D5116) for VOC investigation and SimaPro software modeling with the ReCiPe method for evaluating human health impacts. Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is used, and the results indicate that switching the fully hybrid bio-based biocomposite with the fully petroleum-based composite could reduce more than 50% impacts on human health in terms of indoor and outdoor. Our results indicate that the usage of biocomposite as GBMs can be an environmentally friendly solution for reducing the total indoor and outdoor impacts on human health.


Keywords: sustainable development; green building materials; biocomposite; life cycle assessment; human health; volatile organic compounds



Impact Factor: 2.468.  (2018 Journal Citation Reports, Clarivate Analytics, 2019)



Khoshnava, S.M.; Rostami, R.; Mohamad Zin, R.; Štreimikienė, D.; Mardani, A.; Ismail, M. 2020. The Role of Green Building Materials in Reducing Environmental and Human Health Impacts. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. Vol 17, Issue 7, 2589; EISSN 1660-4601; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072589; [Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index].


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