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Mokslo publikacijos
2021-01-03

Exploring the limits for increasing energy efficiency in the residential sector of the European Union: Insights from the rebound effect

Abstract

The residential sector is a major energy consumer and requires measures for improvements in energy efficiency. However, the gains in energy efficiency do not always result in energy conservation due to the rebound effect. Therefore, there is a need for the development of methodologies to analyze energy consumption and the rebound effect in the household sector. This paper proposes an econometric approach toward the estimation of the rebound effect based on the ODEX index. The proposed approach does not require assumptions about the underlying distributions of energy inefficiency. The case of the European Union member states is considered in the paper. Specifically, we estimate the rebound effect at the aggregate, sub-period, and country levels over the period of 2000–2015. The results indicate a decline in the rebound effect over the covered period, but with substantial spatial variations. The proposed approach can be applied as a reference along with the other available approaches to ensure the robustness of the analysis. Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, and Spain faced the most serious rebound effects, even leading to backfire.

 

Keywords: Rebound effect, Energy consumption, Energy efficiency, ODEX, European union

 

Baležentis, T.; Butkus, M.;  Štreimikienė, D.; Shen, Z. 2021. Exploring the limits for increasing energy efficiency in the residential sector of the European Union: Insights from the rebound effect. Energy Policy. Vol. 149,112063; ISSN: 0301-4215; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.112063; [ABI/Inform; Agricultural Economics Database; Biofuels Abstracts; Business Periodicals Index; CAB International; COMPENDEX; CSA Engineering Research Database (Cambridge Scientific Abstracts); CSA Sustainability Science Abstracts; CSA Technology Research Database; Current Abstracts; Current Contents; Energy & Power Source; Engineering Index Monthly; Engineering Information Database EnCompass LIT (Elsevier); Engineering Village – GEOBASE; Environment Complete; Environment Index; Environmental Impact; Environmental Sciences & Pollution Management; Fuel and Energy Abstracts; Gale Academic OneFile; GeoRef; INIS Atomindex; INSPEC; International Bibliography of the Social Sciences; Journal of Economic Literature; Pais International; Pascal Francis; Periodical Abstracts PlusText; Pollution Abstracts; PubMed/Medline; Public Affairs Information Service Bulletin; Referativnyi Zhurnal VINTI-RAN (Russian Academy of Sciences); Science Citation Index Expanded; Scopus; Social Sciences Citation Index; Sociological Abstracts; TOC Premier; Web of Science].

 




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