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Measuring self-reported food loss in primary production: Survey-based insights from Central and Eastern Europe


Food loss and waste occur along the whole food supply chain and need to be addressed by dedicated strategies.
Among all the stages of the food supply chain, food loss in primary production has been the least studied to date.
In order to address this gap, this paper focuses on on-farm food loss, using Lithuania as a case study. The research comprises eleven crop products and five livestock products prevailing in Lithuanian agricultural production. A survey-based method is utilized to collect primary data from farmers. The final data set consists of 408 completely answered questionnaires. The survey-based data are merged with those from the Farm Accountancy Data Network in order to devise an effective framework for estimating self-reported on-farm food loss. The results show that there exists substantial variation in on-farm food loss rates ranging from less than 1% for milk to slightly more than 20% for beets. Environmental factors and those related to consumer and buyer requirements are the main reasons for losses of crop products, while diseases appear as the main causes of death for animals. The food loss and waste reduction measures are derived based on the results of the survey.


Keywords: Food loss; Food waste; Agriculture; Crop products; Livestock products; Estimation.


Eičaitė, O.; Baležentis, T.; Ribašauskienė, E.; Morkūnas, M.; Melnikienė, R.; Štreimikienė, D. 2022. Measuring self-reported food loss in primary production: Survey-based insights from Central and Eastern Europe. Waste management: Elsevier. ISSN 0956-053X. 143, 15, p. 46–53; DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2022.02.015; [Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science); Scopus].


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