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The Achievements of Climate Change and Energy Policy in the European Union



The European transition to green economy is based on long-term strategies. The Europe
2020 Strategy was launched in 2010 in order to promote smart, sustainable, and inclusive growth in
the region. Later, the ambitions regarding this strategy were followed by the Green Deal and Sustainable
Development Goals. Now, the effort of countries towards the green economy is even more
relevant than ever because of the context of today’s global energy crisis and economic uncertainty
due to many challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic or Russia invasion of Ukraine. This paper
seeks to assess the countries’ achievements in seeking to achieve climate change and energy targets
of the Europe 2020 Strategy by applying the innovative multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM)
technique. The kernel-based comprehensive assessment (KerCA) method was applied for the calculations
of the progress achieved and countries’ rankings. It allows to evaluate countries’ achievements
and compare them using the application of scientific justified and recognized mathematical
models. The analysis of the national target implementation among countries allows to determine
the compliance of countries with their commitments and liability towards other countries and the
European Union (EU). A full analysis of the implementation of the strategy can serve as a guide to
further develop climate change and energy policy in the region. Furthermore, the added value of
the article is systematic overview of scientific studies proposing different methodologies for the
analysis of progress made or to monitor target implementation at the whole region level. The novelty
of this paper also relies on the approach, which considers not only the level of achievement of
the target, but also assesses the excess.


Keywords: climate change; energy policy; Europe 2020; green economy; MCDM.


Šikšnelytė-Butkienė, I.; Karpavičius, T.; Štreimikienė, D.; Baležentis, T. 2022. The Achievements of Climate Change and Energy Policy in the European Union. Energies : MDPI. ISSN 1996-1073. eISSN 1996-1073. 15, 5128, p. 1–17. DOI: 10.3390/en15145128. [Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science)].


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