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Multi-directional program efficiency: the case of Lithuanian family farms

The present paper analyses both managerial and program efficiencies of Lithuanian family farms, in the tradition of Charnes et al. (Manag Sci 27(6):668–697, 1981) but with the important difference that multi-directional efficiency analysis rather than the traditional data envelopment analysis approach is used to estimate efficiency. This enables a consideration of input-specific efficiencies. The study shows clear differences between the efficiency scores on the different inputs as well as between the farm types of crop, livestock and mixed farms respectively. We furthermore find that crop farms have the highest program efficiency, but the lowest managerial efficiency and that the mixed farms have the lowest program efficiency (yet not the highest managerial efficiency).


Keywords: Multi-directional efficiency analysis (MEA), Managerial efficiency, Program efficiency, Data envelopment analysis (DEA), Family farms, Lithuania.


DOI 10.1007/s11123-014-0419-6

© Springer US


Asmild, M., Baležentis, T., Hougaard, J.L. 2014. Multi-directional program efficiency: the case of Lithuanian family farms, Journal of Productivity Analysis, February 2016, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 23-33, First online: 16 October 2014. Online ISSN 1573-0441. DOI 10.1007/s11123-014-0419-6. [Social Science Citation Index, Journal Citation Reports/Social Sciences Edition, SCOPUS, INSPEC, EconLit, Google Scholar, EBSCO, ProQuest, CAB International, ABS Academic Journal Quality Guide, Academic OneFile, Bibliography of Asian Studies, CAB Abstracts, CSA Environmental Sciences, Current Contents / Social & Behavioral Sciences, ECONIS, Expanded Academic, Global Health, International Abstracts in Operations Research, JSTOR, OCLC, Research Papers in Economics (RePEc), SCImago, Summon by ProQuest].


2013 Impact Factor 0,787

H Index: 48


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